Students often find it difficult to cope up with the organic chemistry portions for NEET. If studied properly, Organic chemistry is a well scoring topic. However, finding the right way to approach might be difficult since it would be the first time where students get to see so many Organic reactions wherein all that they could find would be arrows, dots and chemical structures. Here in this blog, we would be discussing few tips that could help students score well in Organic Chemistry.
Before you begin your preparation, you should know the list of Chapters that come under Organic Chemistry. Once you identify the chapters, look for their weightage.
You can find the Chapters that belong to Organic chemistry and the number of questions that had come from each chapter in the below chart.
Once you identify the chapters falling under Organic Chemistry and understand their weightage, the next step is to kick start your preparations. However, there are certain important things that are to be kept in mind.
- Make yourself comfortable in your study space.
- Make sure your study table is neat and clean.
- Get two new notebooks exclusively for Organic Chemistry. Use one for Organic Reaction mechanisms and the other one for named reactions.
It is always better to follow the same order that is given in the NCERT textbook. Start with the two Organic chemistry chapters of Class 11, i.e
- Organic Chemistry- Some basic principles and techniques
After you complete the above two chapters, you can take up the below chapters
- Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
- Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
- Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic acids
- Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen
Some basic principles and techniques to Study Organic Chemistry,
keep the below points in mind:
- Be thorough with IUPAC nomenclature
- Learn the root names
- Functional group preference
- Prefix and suffix of different functional groups
- Solve out different examples. Start with simple compounds and as you gain confidence try working out the advanced structures.
- Try to identify structures with names and vice versa.
- Learn all the different types of representation such
- Bond line formula
- Condensed formula
- Structural formula
- Be thorough with Isomerism
- Learn the different Functional Groups
- Understand the basic terms used in organic chemistry along with their examples
- Attacking group
- Carbocation and carbanion
- At the end of this chapter, you will come across some of the estimation and purification techniques wherein you have to focus more on
- Lassaigne’s test
- Difference between various purification methods
- Quantitative estimation and formula
Once the above chapter is done, move on to Hydrocarbons. This chapter has got few peculiarities.
- This is the first chapter where you will be having your first set of named reactions.
- Markonikovs rule
- Antimarkovnikov’s rule
- Friedel Crafts Alkylation and acylation
- Wurtz reaction
- You will learn about the most famous Huckle’s rule
- Learn the difference between aromatic, antiaromatic and non-aromatic
- Work out different examples.
- Include the aromaticity of anions and cations too
Make sure you learn all the preparation methods, chemical reactions and other properties of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes.
Once you are done with the above chapter, start off with chapters of the class 12 part II textbook. You should not have an assumption that the entire part II textbook is Organic chemistry. If you think this way, you would lose interest to even open the part II textbook. You only have four chapters that belong to Organic chemistry. The others are small and simple chapters like Biomolecules, Polymers, Chemistry in everyday life.
Almost the same pattern is followed in the Organic chemistry chapters of class 12 i.e,
- Physical Properties
- Chemical reactions
- Electrophilic Addition/substitution
- Nucleophilic addition/substitution
- Distinguishing tests
Do not miss out on any named reactions.
- Rosenmund reduction
- Gabriel Phtalimide reaction
- Hoffmann Bromamide reaction
- Diazotization reaction
- Carbylamine reaction
- Stephen reaction
- Etard reaction
- Gattermann Koch reaction
- Wolff Kishner reduction
- Clemmensen reduction
- Kolbe’s reaction
- Reimer-Tiemann reaction
- Williamson synthesis
- Sandmeyers reaction
- Zaitsev’s rule
- Fittig reactions
- Wurtz-Fittig reaction and the list continues.
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Apart from the above-mentioned points, there are certain points to be remembered while studying Organic Chemistry.
- Always write and study Organic chemistry
- Understand Ortho, para and meta directing groups
- Make sure you learn the stereochemical aspects of SN1 and SN2 reactions
- Understand the variations in physical properties amongst different functional groups such as acidity, basicity, boiling point etc.
Reimagine, rethink and prepare with Basidia Learning. We will be there for you at any time to help you out. Wish you all the success