Inorganic chemistry is mostly factual rather than conceptual and the easiest and scoring part of the NEET exam. For Inorganic Chemistry the question asked in NEET is mostly repetitive and hence understanding the trends and practising previous year question papers will help you score full marks in the Inorganic part.
Understand the mark distribution of NEET Chemistry:
From the chemistry part, 32.7% of the questions are from the Inorganic part, 34% from Organic chemistry and 32.9% from Physical Chemistry.
The majority of the questions in inorganic are asked from Chemical bonding, Coordination Chemistry and Group 15,16,17 and 18.
How to score high marks in Inorganic Chemistry?
Inorganic Chemistry is a factual subject once you understand the trends and patterns you can score high marks. Let us understand the pattern of questions asked for each of the topics.
1. Periodic classification of elements:
The majority of the questions asked from this topic are to predict the correct order of periodic properties such as atomic radii, acidity, ionic character etc. for a given set of elements. All these questions can be tackled with great ease if you know the basic trends in periodic properties and the relationships between each of the properties.
For a final preparation tip, you can summate these properties as a table like the one below.
2. s- block and p- block:
Once you have mastered the periodic trends question related to trends in properties like the order of radii hydride etc. can be solved.
The major questions from these chapters are related to anomalous properties of elements.
|s-block||Anomalous properties of Lithium and Berylium.Diagonal relationship.|
|Group 13 and 14||Anomalous properties of Boron.Properties of Carbon.|
|Group 15,16,17 and 18||Electronic configuration, Phosphorous- allotropic forms, compounds of phosphorousClassification of oxides, compounds of sulphur, oxyacids of sulphur. Compounds of halogens use chlorine and hydrochloric acid. Electronic configuration, trends in physical and chemical properties.|
One needs to give importance to the following topic.
3. d-block elements:
Students need to emphasize the chemical composition of potassium permanganate and potassium dichromate as an oxidizing reagent in acidic, alkaline, and neutral mediums.
Learn the electronic configuration of 4d series elements, especially the electronic configuration of Cr and Cu.
|Tip: Learning the name of 4d elements in order will help you learn the electronic configuration of these elements faster.For example^: Sc is 1st element of the 4d series and has an electronic configuration3d14s2followed by Ti 3d24s2. NOTE: there are variations in the case of Cr and Cu.|
Also, have an understanding of lanthanoid contraction and oxidation states of lanthanoids.
4. Chemical bonding and Coordination Compounds:
Learn the different hybridisation and shapes of the molecules with these hybridizations. Learn to predict the shape compounds using VSEPR theory.
For the final preparation, you can create a table like the one below.
Learn to find the bond parameters using MOT.
For the final preparation, students can prepare and keep an energy diagram handy like the one below and practice filling electrons.
Once you are through with VSEPR theory Coordination chemistry can be tackled with great ease. The majority of the questions asked are on hybridisation and the shape of the complex formed.
Warner’s theory and Effective Atomic Number (EAN) in coordination compounds are often asked in exams. Not to forget, he or she must learn its nomenclature thoroughly.
Also, have an understanding of CFT.
5. Hydrogen and Environmental chemistry:
Understanding of isotopes reactions of hydrogen, the structure of hydrogen peroxide will help students to answer questions about Hydrogen.
A basic understanding of the types of pollutants will help students to solve questions related to Environmental chemistry.
Related link – How to Prepare for NEET Exam? – The Ultimate Guide
Suggested books and Study materials to prepare for Inorganic Chemistry
NCERT is the holy book for every NEET aspirant. Questions that are asked in NEET are largely from the NCERT syllabus and once you are thorough in NCERT chemistry class 11 and 12 you can solve the majority of the question in a jiffy.
For Inorganic Chemistry one can refer to Concise Inorganic Chemistry by JD Lee.