As per the latest exam pattern released by NTA, each subject namely, Physics, Chemistry, Botany and zoology, is divided into two sections – A and B. Section A consists of 35 questions and section B consists of 15 questions out of which any 10 can be attempted.

Students often find Botany and Zoology easy when compared to Physics and Chemistry. The majority of the students would say Chemistry is far better than Physics. NEET being a competitive exam, all four subjects should be given equal importance.

Students mostly focus on Physics numerical and chemistry theory. This can be called a convenient methodology from the student’s point of view but while preparing for a competitive exam you should always come out of that convenient zone and explore more so that you can be one among the toppers. It is only when you put in additional efforts you can perform better than your peers. Chemistry can be broadly divided into:

  • Organic chemistry
  • Inorganic chemistry
  • Physical chemistry

Students often find Organic chemistry as the most difficult section in Chemistry. Most of the students often ignore Organic chemistry thinking that it would be difficult to study. Though the fact that chemistry is a difficult subject remains true, you can make the most out of it if you understand and study the concepts. Chemistry can be studied at ease if you know the actual technique of studying it. You can find the tips and tricks to study Chemistry below.

It is essential to know the chemistry chapters before you begin your preparations for NEET. The chart below shows the number of questions that had come from each chapter in the past 10 years.

The chart below shows the number of questions that had come from each chapter in the past 10 years of NEET exam.
Number of questions that had come from each chapter in the past 10 years of NEET exam.

The next crucial part is to identify the importance of class 11th and 12th chapters. Students usually focus on board exams and most of them skip class 11th topics. Class 11th topics should be made thorough if you want to score well for NEET. The below pie chart shows the weightage of concepts from classes 11th and 12th.

pie chart shows the weightage of concepts from classes 11th and 12th for neet chemistry
Weightage of concepts from classes 11th and 12th for neet chemistry

How to Study for NEET Organic Chemistry?

Before we take a look at the preparation techniques, we need to know the chapters that fall under Organic Chemistry. The below chart shows the chapters from Organic chemistry and the number of questions that had come from each chapter.

chart shows the percentage of questions came from chapters of Organic chemistry for the last 10 years for NEET exam
Percentage of questions came from chapters of Organic chemistry

While studying Organic chemistry, it is always advisable to follow the same order as shown in the above table. This is the same order that is followed in the NCERT textbook too. The advantage of following the above order is that you can start right from the basics and then move further to the advanced concepts. You can study Organic Chemistry at ease if you follow the below tips.

  • Start with the IUPAC nomenclature.
    1. Learn the root names
    2. Functional group preference
    3. Prefix and suffix of different functional groups
    4. Solve out different examples. Start with simple compounds and as you gain confidence try working out the advanced structures.
    5. Try to identify structures with names and vice versa. ,
    6. For example – Questions such as the below ones should be practised.
      Identify the IUPAC name of the compound R2C=C=CR2
      Identify the correct structure of 2,4-Dichloropentane
  • Be thorough with the chapter “Organic chemistry – Some basic principles and techniques”. This chapter will give you the basics required for advanced organic chemistry. You should never miss out on the below concepts from this chapter.
    • Structural Representation of Organic Compounds
      1. Try to focus more on Bond-line formula
    • Classification of Organic compounds
    • Functional group
    • Reaction Mechanism and Intermediates
    • Isomerism
    • Electron displacement effects
    • Electrophile and nucleophile
    • Purification methods
  • Once you are clear with the basic concepts, start with the chapter Hydrocarbons”. Focus on the below points.
    • Aromaticity and Huckel’s rule
      1. Learn Aromatic, antiaromatic and non-aromatic conditions. Be sure with the different ways to approach such questions.
    • You have four named reactions in this chapter, namely
      1. Markonikovs rule
      2. Antimarkovnikov’s rule
      3. Friedel Crafts Alkylation and acylation
      4. Wurtz reaction
    • Learn the preparation methods and reactions of
      1. Alkanes
      2. Alkenes- Do not miss out Ozonolysis
      3. Alkynes
    • Be thorough with Ortho, Para and meta directing groups
  • Next start with the chapters from the Class 12th Part II textbook chapters. Begin with Haloalkanes and Haloarenes. Focus on the below points:
    • Focus on named reactions
      1. Sandmeyers reaction
      2. Zaitsev’s rule
      3. Fittig reactions
      4. Wurtz-Fittig reaction
    • Be thorough with SN1 and SN2 reactions.
      1. Intermediates
      2. Geometry- Inversion or retention
      3. Mechanism of attack of nucleophile
    • Learn different reactions and preparation methods.
    • Stereochemistry
    • From Polyhalogen compounds, make sure that you learn the structure of DDT
  • From Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers, focus on the below points:
    • Focus on named reactions
      1. Kolbe’s reaction
      2. Reimer-Tiemann reaction
      3. Williamson synthesis
    • Preparations and reactions of alcohols, phenols and ethers
    • Grignard reagent
    • Distinguishing tets
      1. Luca’s test
      2. Ferric chloride test
  • Next in the line is Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic acids
    • You have plenty of named reactions in this chapter. A few of them are given below:
      1. Rosenmund Reduction
      2. Stephen reaction
      3. Etard reaction
      4. Gattermann Koch reaction
      5. Wolff Kishner reduction
      6. Clemmensen reduction and the list continues
    • Distinguishing tests
      1. Fehling’s test
      2. Tollens test
      3. Iodoform reaction
    • Preparations and reactions of aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids
  • The next chapter is Organic compounds containing nitrogen
    • Focus on named reactions
      1. Gabriel Phtalimide reaction
      2. Hoffmann Bromamide reaction
      3. Diazotization reaction
      4. Carbylamine reaction
    • Coupling reactions should not be missed
    • Preparations and reactions of amines

With these, you would be covering the entire Organic chemistry for NEET. Given below are few tips that could help you while studying Organic chemistry

  • Always write and study reactions
  • Many of the reactions are interlinked, make a note of all such reactions. For example, In the chapter under reactions of alcohols, you will see that Alcohol on oxidation forms Aldehydes. The same reaction you will be studying under the preparation of aldehydes. 
  • Maintain a separate notebook for Named reactions
  • Understand the mechanism of reactions. This will help you predict any products.
  • Compare and study
  • Make sure you know the variations in physical properties amongst different functional groups such as acidity, basicity, boiling point etc

Related link – How to prepare for NEET exam without coaching?

How to prepare Inorganic chemistry for NEET?

The below chapters fall under inorganic chemistry.

last 10 years question from inorganic chemistry for neet exam
Question from inorganic chemistry for neet exam

When it comes to inorganic chemistry, this is one of those well scoring topics in NEET. Most questions are direct and straight from NCERT textbooks. Given below are few techniques that you can use while preparing Inorganic chemistry.

  • Start with periodic properties of elements.
    1. It is not necessary to byheart all 118 elements of the periodic table.
    2. You should know the number of periods and groups
    3. Understand the trends and be through with it
    4. Make sure you learn all the exceptions which are mentioned in NCERT.
    5. Learn general electronic configurations
  • Next start with s block and p-block elements (both class 11 and 12) and d & f block elements
    1. All questions from this chapter are direct questions.
    2. You need to be thorough in fact word by word with NCERT
    3. Learn all the reactions
    4. Learn general group trends
    5. Focus on exceptions
    6. Focus on oxoacids
  • Next, you can take up Chemical Bonding and molecular structure. Focus on the below points:
    1. Hybridisation
    2. VSEPR theory
    3. Dipole moment
    4. Bond Parameters
    5. Molecular orbital theory
    6. Hydrogen bonding
  • Next, you can take up Coordination compounds. Focus on the below points:
    1. Double salt with example
    2. Nomenclature
    3. Isomerism
    4. Crystal field theory and valence bond theory
    5. Magnetic properties
  • The remaining chapters can be prepared wherein you have to
    1. learn all reactions from Hydrogen. Focus more on Hydrogen peroxide
    2. Learn different separation and concentration techniques from the Isolation of elements chapter
    3. Important pollutants from Environmental chemistry and their reactions

How to Prepare Physical Chemistry for NEET?

Physical chemistry is that part of chemistry from where you can expect plenty of numerical. Let us have a look at the chapters that fall under Physical Chemistry

last 10 years question came from physical chemistry neet
The question came from physical chemistry neet

Given below are few tips that would help you while preparing for Physical Chemistry.

  • Try to split chapters into two halves for your convenience. For example, the chapter Equilibrium can be split into two- Chemical equilibrium and Ionic equilibrium.
  • Have a separate notebook or sheet of paper for formulas.
  • While learning a formula make sure you know each term properly.
  • Learn the values of few constants such as Universal gas constant, Rydberg constant, Avogadro number etc
  • Be quick in simplifying calculations. You can achieve the right pace only if you practice daily.
  • Do not make silly calculation errors.
  • Be very careful with positive and negative values.
  • There are certain questions in physical chemistry from which questions are asked based on a reaction. Make sure you interpret the reaction and write down the correct values from the reaction. Example: Stoichiometric calculations
  • Make yourself familiar with basic logarithmic equations. For example, for pH calculations, you would find it useful if you are good at logarithmic calculations.
  • Make sure you learn all the graphs given in the NCERT textbook. Some of the important graphs are:
    1. Graph for Arrhenius equation
    2. Graphs for zero, first and second-order reactions
    3. Graphs for Boyles law, Charles law, Gay Lussacs law, Avogadro’s law
    4. Ideal gas versus real gas comparison graph
    5. graph for Henry’s law
    6. graph for all the cases of Raoult’s law
    7. graph for depression in freezing point and elevation in boiling point
    8. trends of molar conductivity with concentration
    9. Freundlich isotherm

Related link – Importance of Graph-Based Question in NEET

  • Whenever you get numerical from Physical Chemistry, it is always advisable to write down what are the given values and what are the quantities that you have to find out. For example, If you are given two molarities and one volume and you are asked to find another volume, it should automatically come to your mind that you have to use the formula M1V1=M2V2. Only practice can help you master the shortcuts in physical chemistry.

Best App for NEET Chemistry Preparation

Basidia learning is the best online resource available for NEET preparation. The highest strike rate of NEET 2020 just proves it. High yield points are segregated into Keys that are segregated into Hot, Cold & Warm based on the importance of the concepts for NEET. This helps a student make his learning process easier. Chapter-wise practice tests and dedicated revision scheduler plays a major role in the NEET preparation. Basidia offers the best test series compared with others. 33,000+ MCQs, 600+ hours of video lectures and daily live sessions for all the three subjects are the next set of highlighted features of Basidia. 

Now we have covered the entire NEET syllabus for Chemistry. Chemistry is a subject that can boost your rank if you prepare well. Chemistry is not a difficult subject if you understand the concepts and study well. If you think something is impossible, understand, the word possible is the main constituent of Impossible, you should have that determination to transform impossible to possible. 

Most of the best techniques are well explained in brief here. We hope you will go deep through this blog and make the most out of this for your preparation. We are here to help you with anything that affects your confidence and preparation. We wish you all the best for your future. 

Greetings 
Basidia – Best App for NEET Preparation

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