NEET Biology which is divided into Zoology & Botany contributes the major share of NEET scores that is 360 marks. Learning Biology in depth can help you to score good marks in NEET.

Till the year 2020, the NEET exam had just three subjects namely Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. As per the latest notification released by NTA, NEET Biology would be divided into two- Botany and Zoology. It is pretty easy to score full marks for both Botany and Zoology. However, there are chances that you might get a few wrong. This blog would help you eliminate those chances. You can follow these tips while studying Botany.

Botany Chapters With Weightage for NEET

Given below or the important topics for neet botany along with number questions and marks allocated from each topic.

NEET Botany TopicsClassNumber of QuestionsMarks allocated
Class 11th – Botany Topics11th
Diversity in Living World11th416
Living World11th14
Plant Kingdom11th14
Biological classification11th28
Structural Organisation in Animals & Plants11th416
Anatomy of Flowering Plant11th312
Morphology in flowering plants11th14
Cell Structure & Function11th728
Cell Cycle and Division11th28
Cell: The unit of life11th520
Plant Physiology11th832
Mineral Nutrition11th14
Plant Growth and Development11th28
Respiration in Plants11th28
Transport in Plants11th312
Sexual Reproduction in flowering Plants12th416
Genetics & Evolution12th1040
Principles of Inheritance and variation12th728
Molecular basis of inheritance12th312
Microbes in Human Welfare12th14
Ecology & Environment12th936
Biodiversity and Conservation12th312
Environmental Issues12th416
Organisms and Population12th14

NEET Botany Syllabus

The Living World

  • Introduction & Growth as Criterion for being Living
  • Reproduction as Criterion for being Living
  • Metabolism & Consciousness as Criteria for being Living
  • Taxonomy : Nomenclature; Classification up to Genus; From Family to Classification of Some Organisms
  • Taxonomical Aids
  • Systematics & Type Study

Biological Classification

  • Different Classification Systems
  • Kingdom Monera
    1. Bacterial Cell Structure
    2. Surface Appendages
    3. Bacterial Reproduction
    4. Bacterial Recombination
    5. Bacterial Life Process
    6. Bacterial Classification
    7. Actinomycetes, Mycoplasma
    8. Blue Green Algae
  • Kingdom Protista
    1. Chrysophytes
    2. Dinoflagellates
    3. Euglenoids
    4. Slime Moulds
  • Kingdom Fungi
    1. Sexual Reproduction in Fungi
    2. Deuteromycetes
    3. Zygomycetes
    4. Ascomycetes
    5. Basidiomycetes
  • Mycorrhiza
  • Virus & Viroids

Plant Kingdom

  • Classification System
  • Algae
  • Chlorophyceae: Green Algae
  • Pheophycae: Brown Algae
  • Rhodophyceae: Red Algae & Importance of Algae
  • Bryophytes
  • Bryophytes (Liveworts)
  • Bryophytes (Anthocerotopsida & Moses) & Importance
  • Pteridophytes
  • Pteridophytes:Heterospory
  • Classification of Pteridophytes
  • General Account of Gymnosperm
  • Examples of Gymnosperms
  • General Account of Angiosperm
  • Life cycle Patterns in Plants

Morphology of Flowering Plants

  • Morphology of Root
  • Modification of Root
  • Morphology of Stem
  • Aerial Stem Modification
  • Morphology of Leaf
  • Venation, Types of Leaf & Phyllotaxy
  • Modification of Leaf
  • Inflorescence
  • Flower & Parts of Flower
  • Fruit & its Types
  • Seed
  • Semi Technical Description
  • Families of Flowering Plant

Anatomy of Flowering Plants

  • Tissue: Intro & Classification
  • Meristematic Tissue: Classification
  • Meristematic Tissue: Shoot Apex
  • Meristematic Tissue: Root Apex
  • Simple Tissue: Parenchyma
  • Simple Tissue: Collenchyma & Sclerenchyma
  • Complex Tissue: Xylem
  • Complex Tissue: Phloem
  • Epidermal Tissue System
  • Vascular Tissue System
  • Ground Tissue System
  • Anatomy of Root
  • Dicot Stem
  • Monocot Stem
  • Dicot Leaf
  • Monocot Leaf
  • Activity of Vascular Cambium
  • Activity of Secondary Xylem
  • Activity of Cork Cambium
  • Secondary Growth in Root

Cell – The unit of Life

  • Introduction to Cell
  • Cell Theory
  • Cell Organisation
  • Prokaryotic Cell Organisation
  • Details of Prokaryotic Cell Structure
  • Bacterial Staining & Shape
  • Eukaryotic Cell Architecture:Types
  • Eukaryotic Cell Organelle
  • Cell Wall
  • Cell Membrane
  • Evidence for Fluidic Nature of Membrane
  • Plastids
  • Mitochondria
  • Intro to Endomembrane System: Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Endomembrane System
  • Golgi Apparatus
  • Lysosomes
  • Nucleus
  • Nucleus: Chromosomes
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Centrosome
  • Cilia & Flagella
  • Microbodies


  • Elemental Analysis
  • Nucleic Acid
  • Nucleic Acid : Nucleotides
  • The DNA
  • Amino Acids
  • Proteins
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Enzymes
  • Enzyme Classification
  • Enzyme Catalysis
  • Factors affecting Enzyme Catalysis Reaction

Cell Cycle and Cell Division

  • Introduction to Cell
  • Cell Theory
  • Cell Organisation
  • Prokaryotic Cell Organisation
  • Details of Prokaryotic Cell Structure
  • Bacterial Staining & Shape
  • Eukaryotic Cell Architecture:Types
  • Eukaryotic Cell Organelle
  • Cell Wall
  • Cell Membrane
  • Evidence for Fluidic Nature of Membrane
  • Plastids
  • Mitochondria
  • Intro to Endomembrane System: Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Endomembrane System
  • Golgi Apparatus
  • Lysosomes
  • Nucleus
  • Nucleus: Chromosomes
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Centrosome
  • Cilia & Flagella
  • Microbodies

Transport in Plants

  • Elemental Analysis
  • Nucleic Acid
  • Nucleic Acid : Nucleotides
  • The DNA
  • Amino Acids
  • Proteins
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Enzymes
  • Enzyme Classification
  • Enzyme Catalysis
  • Factors affecting Enzyme Catalysis Reaction

Mineral Nutrition

  • Criteria for Essentiality of Element
  • Hydroponics & Aeroponics
  • Mineral Deficiency & Toxicity
  • Mineral Function
  • Nitrogen Nutrition in Plants
  • Nitrogen Fixation
  • Nodule Formation
  • Genetics & Biochemistry of Nitrogen Fixation
  • Ammonia Assimilation & Nitrogen Export
  • Questions

Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

  • Historical View: Experiments
  • Choloroplast Stucture
  • Photosynthetic Pigments
  • Redtrop Experiment
  • Emerson’s Enhancement Experiment
  • Photosystems
  • Light Reaction: Electron Transport
  • Light Reaction: Photophosphorylation
  • Dark Reaction: Biosynthetic Phase
  • Dark Reaction: Calvin Cycle
  • Questions on Calvin Cycle
  • C4 Cycle (Hatch & Slack Pathway)
  • C4 Plants Example
  • Questions on C4 Pathway
  • CAM Pathway
  • Photorespiration
  • Questions on Photorespiration
  • Factors Affecting Photosynthesis

Respiration in Plants

  • Glycolysis
  • Glycolysis Regulation
  • Fermentation
  • Aerobic Respiration
  • Kreb’s Cycle
  • Amphibolic Nature of Respiration
  • Oxidative Phosphorylation
  • Electron Transport Inhibitors
  • Respiratory Quotient

Plant Growth and Development

  • Growth
  • Growth Model
  • Growth Terminology
  • Development
  • Growth Hormones & Auxin
  • Auxin Function
  • Gibberellin
  • Cytokinin
  • Ethylene
  • Abscisic Acid
  • Photoperiodism
  • Vernalization

Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

  • Monocarpic & Polycarpic
  • Stamen: Anther
  • Stamen: Microsporangium
  • Stamen: Male Gametophyte
  • Pistil: Ovule
  • Pistil: Female Gametophyte
  • Pollination & Outbreeding Devices
  • Post Pollination Events
  • Double Fertilization
  • Endosperm
  • Embryo
  • Seed
  • Apomixis & Polyembryony
  • Fruit

Principles of Inheritance & Variation

  • Mendelian Principles
  • Law of Dominance
  • Law of Segregation
  • Dominance & Recessive Relationship
  • Allelic Interactions
  • Law of Independent Assortment
  • Maths of Independent Assortment
  • Extension of Mendelian Principles
  • Biochemistry of ABO Blood Group
  • Gene Interactions
  • Pleiotropism
  • Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
  • Linkage & Recombination
  • Gene Mapping
  • Assignment
  • Quantitative Genetics
  • Maths of Quantitative Traits
  • Sex Determination
  • Mutation
  • Pedigree Analysis
  • Assignment

Molecular Basis of Inheritance

  • DNA Double Helix
  • Search for Genetic Material
  • DNA vs RNA as Genetic Material
  • DNA Replication
  • DNA Packaging
  • Genetic Code
  • Translation
  • Translation: Mechanism
  • Gene Regulation: Intro
  • Gene Regulation:Lac Operon
  • Gene Regulation in Eukaryotes
  • Human Genome Project
  • DNA Fingerprinting

Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

  • Impact:Green Revolution
  • Breeding for Disease Resistance
  • Insects & Pest Resistance
  • Plant Breeding for Quality
  • Single Cell Protein
  • Plant Tissue Culture
  • Animal Husbandry
  • Posted by Rajeev Ranjan

Biotechnology Principles and Processes

  • Intro & History
  • Tools: Enzymes, Vectors
  • Selectable Markers
  • Host & Desired DNA
  • Processes of Biotech
  • Large Scale Production

Biotechnology and its Application

  • Intro to Agri Applications
  • Bt Crops
  • Interference RNA Tech
  • Other GM Crops
  • Med Applications & Humulin
  • Gene Therapy
  • Vaccines
  • Molecular Diagnosis
  • Transgenic Microbes & Animals
  • Animal Cloning
  • Ethical Issues
  • Biowar

Organisms and Populations

  • Introduction to Ecology
  • Abiotic Factors: Temperature
  • Abiotic Factors: Light & Water
  • Response of Organisms to Abiotic Factors
  • Adaptations
  • Population Characters: Density, Natality & Mortality, Age Structure & Migration
  • Population Dynamic
  • Population: Exponential Growth Model, Logistic Growth Model
  • Life History Variations
  • Population Interactions: Competition, Predation, Parasitism, Amensalism, Coevolution, Commensalism, Protocooperation & Mutualism


  • Components & Types of Ecosystem
  • Ecosystem Productivity
  • Ecological Efficiencies
  • Energy Flow
  • Ecological Pyramids
  • Decomposition
  • Mineral Cycling & Ecosystem Services
  • Community Character
  • Community Dynamic

Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Magnitude of Biodeiversity
  • Biodiversity Patterns
  • Importance of Biodiversity
  • Loss of Biodiversity
  • In Situ Conservation of Biodiversity
  • Ex Situ Conservation of Biodiversity

Environmental Issues

  • Introduction to Pollution & Types
  • Air Pollution
  • Water Pollution
  • Solid Waste Pollution
  • Agrochemical & Radioactive Waste
  • Greenhouse Effect & Global Warming
  • Ozone Layer Depletion
  • Improper Resource Utilisation & Maintenance

Preparation Tips for Botany NEET

Before we begin let us have a look at the chapters that fall under Botany and the number of questions that were asked from each chapter.

last 10 years question from botany for neet exam

It is often seen that most of the NEET aspirants love to spend time on Zoology and when it comes to Botany they find it boring. You can make any subject interesting if you know the right way to study it. Given below are some useful points that could make your Botany preparations fruitful.

  • Follow the same order that is given in the NCERT textbook.
  • Make sure you are thorough with the basic concepts and terms such as
    1. Binomial nomenclature
    2. Different Symmetries
    3. Taxonomical hierarchy
    4. Levels of organisation
    5. Biological classification
    6. Dicot and Monocot differences
    7. Angiosperms and gymnosperms differences
  • Read NCERT word by word. Do not skip any sentences because you can expect a lot of statement type questions that are direct from NCERT.

In-Depth Learning of each unit – Class 11

  • Start off with the 1st unit, Diversity in the living world. Focus more on the below points
    1. Taxonomical Hierarchy
    2. Bionomial nomenclature
    3. Taxonomical aids
    4. Biological classification
    5. All the examples with scientific names
    6. Alternation of generation
    7. The characteristics of different Kingdoms and sub classes.
  • Next in the line would be Morphology and Anatomy of flowering plants. Focus on the below points:
    1. Different Modifications and functions
    2. All the examples with scientific names
    3. Inflorescence
    4. Floral formula and diagram
    5. Plant tissues
    6. Characteristics of dicot and monocot roots and stems
    7. You should be able to identify the kind of plant tissue based on diagrams
    8. Do not miss out on any images that are given in the NCERT textbook.
  • Next, you can start with Cell the unit of life and cell cycle and cell division. Focus on
    1. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell difference
    2. Cell Organelles with their function
    3. All Images given in the NCERT textbook.
    4. Different phases of cell cycle
    5. The chromosomal features
    6. Different stages of meiosis II
  • Once you are confident with the above portions, you can start off with Plant physiology. This unit requires more time to prepare. This is the unit that has got the maximum number of cycles.
    •  From the chapter, Transport in Plants, focus on the below points 
      1. Translocation
      2. Functions of xylem and phloem
      3. Active and passive transport
      4. Different potentials
      5. Diffusion
      6. Mass flow hypothesis
      7. Structure of stomata
      8. Symplastic and apoplastic pathway
    • From the chapter, Mineral Nutrition, focus on the below points
      1. Essential elements
      2. Deficiencies in plants
      3. Toxicity
      4. Nitrogen fixation
      5. Nitrogen cycle
    • From the chapter, Photosynthesis in higher plants, focus on
      1. Light reaction vs Dark reaction
      2. Photophosphorylation
      3. Calvin cycle
      4. Hatch and Slack pathway
      5. C4 pathway
      6. Kranz Anatomy
      7. Important experiments
    • From the chapter, Respiration of plants, focus on
      1. Glycolysis
      2. TCA cycle
      3. Oxidative phosphorylation
      4. Electron transport complex
    • From the chapter, Plant growth and development, focus on
      1. Plant growth models
      2. Plant growth regulators and Inhibitors
      3. All the functions and examples of the respective plant hormones
      4. Photoperiodism
      5. Vernalisation

With the above chapters, you will be done with the entire class 11th Botany topics. Compared to class 11 topics, class 12 topics are much easy. If your basic concepts are strong, for example in class 11th you had studied about Angiosperms.

In-Depth Learning of each unit – Class 12

In class 12, the chapter sexual reproduction in flowering plants becomes easy if you had studied about angiosperms and basic floral terms in class 11th. The unit which can be said difficult is only the unit on Genetics. Apart from genetics, all you have is a unit on Ecology, Biotechnology, Biology in human welfare, and one chapter from Reproduction i.e Sexual reproduction in flowering plants.

Given below are a few tips that you can follow while preparing genetics:

  • Understand all the terms properly such as
    1. Dominance
    2. Recessive
    3. Codominance
    4. Alleles
    5. Translation
    6. Transcription
  • Be thorough with punnet square. Practice different problems with punnet square and learn how to solve questions based on different conditions.
  • Try to memorise some of the recessive and dominant traits
  • Focus on the chromosome number or names especially while studying disorders.
  • If you feel some concepts are difficult to understand, try to put it in the form of diagrams and then study.

    For example: Transcription uses a strand of DNA as a template to build a molecule called RNA. The RNA molecule is the link between DNA and the production of proteins. During translation, the RNA molecule created in the transcription process delivers information from the DNA to the protein-building machines.

If you put down the above sentences in the form of the below diagram, you can learn it at ease and you will be able to recollect better.

Related link – How to Prepare for NEET-UG? – The Ultimate Guide

Notes Preparation for NEET

  • Preparation of notes is one of the important neet preparation tips that can help you understand and memorize the topics in a better way. Moreover, it improves your memory skills too.
  • Refer to some high-quality study materials to prepare notes that help you to stay on the right track. You can use the internet as a source for choosing the best study material, you can even discuss your concerns with your teachers and you can post your doubts on online discussion forums too. While considering the online methods you can refer to the Keys From Basidia
  • While preparing notes highlight the points which you feel is important so that you can have a quick read and in fact, that helps you to improvise your memory. These prepared notes can be used for last-minute revision purposes also.

Attend Frequent Mock Tests

You would get a good understanding of the format of the examination by taking NEET Mock Test very frequently. It is highly recommended that you attend these mock tests frequently since they can improve your time management abilities too. By analyzing the NEET mock test, you will be able to see where you went wrong and, as a result, you will be able to take the required steps to avoid making the same mistakes again.

Benefits of NEET Mock Tests

  1. Helps to get familiarised with the exam Pattern
  2. Improves your speed and time amangement abilities
  3. Helps to identify your strength and weakness
  4. Understand the difficulty level of each subject
  5. Creates exam kind of atmosphere

NEET Botany Questions – Practice Botany PYQ’s for free

Since the level of competition in the NEET exam is so high, you must be well prepared to pass the NEET exam. Solving NEET’s previous year question paper might be really beneficial in this case. It will assist you in studying the kind of questions asked in previous year examinations. NEET Previous year’s question papers with detailed solutions for Botany are given below.

TopicPYQs & Detailed Solutions
Living WorldPractice Now
Transport in PlantsPractice Now
Anatomy of Flowering PlantsPractice Now
Biodiversity and ConservationPractice Now
Biological ClassificationPractice Now
Cell Cycle and Cell DivisionPractice Now
Cell – The unit of lifePractice Now
EcosystemPractice Now
Environmental IssuesPractice Now
Microbes in Human WelfarePractice Now
Mineral NutritionPractice Now
Molecular Basis Of InheritancePractice Now
Morphology of Flowering PlantsPractice Now
Organisms and PopulationPractice Now
Photosynthesis in Higher PlantsPractice Now
Plant Growth and DevelopmentPractice Now
Plant KingdomPractice Now
Principles of InheritancePractice Now
Respirations in PlantsPractice Now
Sexual Reproduction in Flowering PlantsPractice Now
Strategies for Enhancement of Food ReproductionPractice Now

In a similar way, you can prepare the rest of the chapters. Given below are a few general tips that could help you.

  • It is well and good if you know to draw relevant diagrams in your notebooks. This would make you familiar with the labellings too.
  • Highlight important points
  • Practice as many previous year questions as you can.
  • Revise regularly.
  • Have a separate sheet for definitions or terms alone.
  • Prepare flowcharts and tables
  • Make sure you draw and learn the cycles.
  • If there are any reactions, learn the importance of the reactant, products and reagents.
  • Do not skip concepts in Botany because if you put in little effort you can score full marks in Botany.

Best Study Material & Books for NEET Botany

Zoology and Botany are included in the NEET Biology syllabus. As a result, the Biology curriculum should be given more importance. To get into a good government college, aspirants should aim for a score of more than 320 on the NEET Biology section. Topics must be prioritized according to their importance and frequency, and a suitable preparation procedure must be devised.

1. Objective Biology (volumes 1 & 2): G.R. Bathla

it is a complete book for class 12 students interested in pursuing an undergraduate degree in medicine. It corresponds to the most recent syllabus established by the National Council of Educational Research and Training, providing students with comprehensive coverage of the areas covered.
It has a thorough collection of both answered and unsolved questions.

2. Biology Classes 11 and 12 (Volume 1 & 2): Pradeep Publications

3. Objective Biology (Volume 1, 2, and 3 along with Practice Papers):Dinesh Publications

4. A-Class Book for Botany: A C Dutta

It is a popular botany textbook that familiarises students with Latin and Greek technical and scientific phrases, allowing them to learn the subject of terminology more readily. It covers comprehensive botany courses taken at the pre-university, intermediate, pre-medical, and higher secondary levels, with themes addressed based on recent research.

Why Basidia is the best app for NEET Preparation?

Basidia learning is the best online app for NEET preparation. The highest strike rate of NEET 2020 just proves it. High yield points are segregated into Keys that are segregated into Hot, Cold & Warm based on the importance of the concepts for NEET. This helps a student make his learning process easier. Chapter-wise practice tests and dedicated revision schedulers play a major role in the NEET preparation. Basidia offers the best test series compared with others. 33,000+ MCQs, 600+ hours of video lectures, and daily live sessions for all three subjects are the next set of highlighted features of Basidia. 

The main secret behind success is always confidence and Hard work. Have faith in yourself, work hard and success will be yours. We wish you all the best for your future.

Basidia – Best App for NEET UG Preparation

FAQ – NEET Botany Preparation

Is Neet Biology easy?

Biology is recognized as the proper theoretical subject of NEET, and as a result, many students believe that it would be the simplest portion, however it is not. The vast syllabus proves that Biology is as difficult as Physics and Chemistry.

Will NEET 2020 be conducted twice a year? 

No, the NEET exam will be held just once a year.

How many NEET attempts will be valid?

In NEET, there is no restriction to the number of attempts. Candidates must be at least 17 years old to sit for the test. As of now, there is no upper age restriction criterion.

Do all questions in NEET Biology come from NCERT?

The majority of questions in the Biology section of the NEET exam paper have been found to be NCERT-based.

What are Section A and B in NEET?

Section A in each subject of the NEET New Exam Pattern consists of 35 questions in total, with each question worth 4 points. Section B of the NEET Exam question paper would feature 15 questions on each topic, with applicants, can attempt any ten of them. Each question will be worth four marks

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