What makes NEET Biology special from Physics and Chemistry is its weightage. NEET Biology which is divided into Zoology & Botany contributes the major share of NEET scores that is 360 marks. Learning Biology in depth can help you to score good marks in NEET.

NEET Biology chapter wise weightage

Till the year 2020, NEET had just three subjects namely Physics, Chemistry and Biology. As per the latest notification released by NTA, NEET Biology would be divided into two- Botany and Zoology. It is pretty easy to score full marks for both Botany and Zoology. However, there are chances that you might get a few wrong. This blog would help you eliminate those chances. You can follow these tips while studying Botany.

How to Prepare Botany for NEET?

Before we begin let us have a look at the chapters that fall under Botany and the number of questions that were asked from each chapter.

last 10 years question from botany for neet exam

It is often seen that most of the NEET aspirants love to spend time on Zoology and when it comes to Botany they find it boring. You can make any subject interesting if you know the right way to study it. Given below are some useful points that could make your Botany preparations fruitful.

  • Follow the same order that is given in the NCERT textbook.
  • Make sure you are thorough with the basic concepts and terms such as
    1. Binomial nomenclature
    2. Different Symmetries
    3. Taxonomical hierarchy
    4. Levels of organisation
    5. Biological classification
    6. Dicot and Monocot differences
    7. Angiosperms and gymnosperms differences
  • Read NCERT word by word. Do not skip any sentences because you can expect a lot of statement type questions that are direct from NCERT.
  • Start off with the 1st unit, Diversity in the living world. Focus more on the below points
    1. Taxonomical Hierarchy
    2. Bionomial nomenclature
    3. Taxonomical aids
    4. Biological classification
    5. All the examples with scientific names
    6. Alternation of generation
    7. The characteristics of different Kingdoms and sub classes.
  • Next in the line would be Morphology and Anatomy of flowering plants. Focus on the below points:
    1. Different Modifications and functions
    2. All the examples with scientific names
    3. Inflorescence
    4. Floral formula and diagram
    5. Plant tissues
    6. Characteristics of dicot and monocot roots and stems
    7. You should be able to identify the kind of plant tissue based on diagrams
    8. Do not miss out on any images that are given in the NCERT textbook.
  • Next, you can start with Cell the unit of life and cell cycle and cell division. Focus on
    1. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell difference
    2. Cell Organelles with their function
    3. All Images given in the NCERT textbook.
    4. Different phases of cell cycle
    5. The chromosomal features
    6. Different stages of meiosis II
  • Once you are confident with the above portions, you can start off with Plant physiology. This unit requires more time to prepare. This is the unit that has got the maximum number of cycles.
    •  From the chapter, Transport in Plants, focus on the below points 
      1. Translocation
      2. Functions of xylem and phloem
      3. Active and passive transport
      4. Different potentials
      5. Diffusion
      6. Mass flow hypothesis
      7. Structure of stomata
      8. Symplastic and apoplastic pathway
    • From the chapter, Mineral Nutrition, focus on the below points
      1. Essential elements
      2. Deficiencies in plants
      3. Toxicity
      4. Nitrogen fixation
      5. Nitrogen cycle
    • From the chapter, Photosynthesis in higher plants, focus on
      1. Light reaction vs Dark reaction
      2. Photophosphorylation
      3. Calvin cycle
      4. Hatch and Slack pathway
      5. C4 pathway
      6. Kranz Anatomy
      7. Important experiments
    • From the chapter, Respiration of plants, focus on
      1. Glycolysis
      2. TCA cycle
      3. Oxidative phosphorylation
      4. Electron transport complex
    • From the chapter, Plant growth and development, focus on
      1. Plant growth models
      2. Plant growth regulators and Inhibitors
      3. All the functions and examples of the respective plant hormones
      4. Photoperiodism
      5. Vernalisation

With the above chapters, you will be done with the entire class 11th Botany topics. Compared to class 11 topics, class 12 topics are much easy. If your basic concepts are strong, for example in class 11th you had studied about Angiosperms.

In class 12, the chapter sexual reproduction in flowering plants becomes easy if you had studied about angiosperms and basic floral terms in class 11th. The unit which can be said difficult is only the unit on Genetics. Apart from genetics, all you have is a unit on Ecology, Biotechnology, Biology in human welfare and one chapter from Reproduction i.e Sexual reproduction in flowering plants.

Given below are few tips that you can follow while preparing genetics:

  • Understand all the terms properly such as
    1. Dominance
    2. Recessive
    3. Codominance
    4. Alleles
    5. Translation
    6. Transcription
  • Be thorough with punnet square. Practice different problems with punnet square and learn how to solve questions based on different conditions.
  • Try to memorise some of the recessive and dominant traits
  • Focus on the chromosome number or names especially while studying disorders.
  • If you feel some concepts are difficult to understand, try to put it in the form of diagrams and then study.

    For example: Transcription uses a strand of DNA as a template to build a molecule called RNA. The RNA molecule is the link between DNA and the production of proteins. During translation, the RNA molecule created in the transcription process delivers information from the DNA to the protein-building machines.

If you put down the above sentences in the form of the below diagram, you can learn it at ease and you will be able to recollect better.

In a similar way, you can prepare the rest of the chapters. Given below are few general tips that could help you.

  • Always make notes while studying
  • It is well and good if you know to draw relevant diagrams in your notebooks. This would make you familiar with the labellings too.
  • Highlight important points
  • Practice as many previous year questions as you can.
  • Revise regularly.
  • Have a separate sheet for definitions or terms alone.
  • Prepare flowcharts and tables
  • Make sure you draw and learn the cycles.
  • If there are any reactions, learn the importance of the reactant, products and reagents.
  • Do not skip concepts in Botany because if you put in little effort you can score full marks in Botany.

Related link – How to Prepare for NEET-UG? – The Ultimate Guide

Best Resource for NEET Botany Preparation

Basidia learning is the best online resource available for NEET preparation. The highest strike rate of NEET 2020 just proves it. High yield points are segregated into Keys that are segregated into Hot, Cold & Warm based on the importance of the concepts for NEET. This helps a student make his learning process easier. Chapter-wise practice tests and dedicated revision scheduler plays a major role in the NEET preparation. Basidia offers the best test series compared with others. 33,000+ MCQs, 600+ hours of video lectures and daily live sessions for all the three subjects are the next set of highlighted features of Basidia. 

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